Ayurveda is an ancient
medical science originated in India
around 5000 years ago.
It is a holistic system of healing which encompasses medicine, surgery, yoga and spiritual therapies.
It considers each individual unique and treats everybody specifically.
The name comes from Sanskrit
and means science of life(Ayus= life; veda= knowledge).
According to Ayurveda the
human body as well as everything in the universe is made of 5 basic elements: Space, Air, Fire, Water and Heart,
which are grouped to form three energetic entities called Doshas: Vata( Space
and Air) Pitta ( Fire) Kapha( Earth and Water).When in equilibrium, they regulate all the physiological processes, but if brought out of balance by inappropriate food and lifestyle, they will bring along diseases.
These energies are responsible to make our physical make up or constitution, which makes us unique and reacting differently to food and stress
That's way Ayurveda teaches us ow to choose that kind of food, whose qualities and potency are the most appropriate to our constitution.
The Doshas are responsible of all physiological processes, but when out of balance they are the cause of all diseases.
To regain or maintain health they have to be rebalanced by the mean of a
deep detoxification program called panchakarma or with the oral administration of herbs and body treatments.
The best known of the external therapies is the hot oil
massage (Abhyanga) followed by steam(Swedana), as they are used also for general relaxation. Less common treatments are Pindasweda,Shirodara, Kathi Basti, Nasya, which are used to treat specific
In Ayurveda food and lifestyle play an important role to prevent illnesses. Food is considered nutriment
as well as medicine.
Ayurvedic practitioner always give a fundamental importance to the correct diet and lifestyle because herbs and external treatments do not have much effect if patients do not change they food habit and daily habits.